This site may contain affiliate links. to read our full disclosure, click here. Now let’s read on and learn what to do in the garden in November.
Introduction on what to do in the garden in November
Every month of the year, there is something to do. Even the winter period is a period where there’s a lot of stuff to do.
Although the November month is a rather cold month, there are still some good days where you can spend your time outside. You can do some stuff to prepare for your next season.
Of course, if you have an indoor room where you grow plants, you will surely have stuff to do. But that is not the point of this article.
Also, the greenhouse, if you have one, is the place where you can still grow some greens through the winter and that takes time as well. Don’t despair if you don’t have a greenhouse. Small row cover systems can help you out in the winter as well.
Raking leaves in the garden and maybe the neighbor’s garden is a really good thing to do in the November month.
One of the best composts we can make in the garden is a combined compost with leaves. So, raking the leaves and bagging them up to make fresh compost is more a necessity than a possibility.
Mulching the beds and smothering weeds
November is a good month to mulch the beds with cardboard and start spreading manure or fresh compost.
The mulch will slowly decompose over the winter and make a nice and fluffy soil in the spring.
Smothering the weeds by mulching will be much easier now. Because most of the weeds are growing less due to a lack of light, you can smother them more easily.
I personally smother the weeds with cardboard. And I put coffee grounds on top of the cardboard to keep them in place. As it’s a good time to prune several bushes and trees, I know have the time to cut and mulch with wood sticks.
Make sure you clean out all the patches of potential disease.
Remove rotting fruits and vegetables, plant leaves and other stuff that could harbor pests or diseases to haunt you the next year.
Just make sure you have at least one patch with wildflowers and weeds where the beneficial insects can take cover and overwinter. This will help you out tremendously in spring.
Keep the grass short
Make sure the grass is cut quite short. Longer grass tends to mold underneath the snow. And long grass also gives hiding places for pests.
Plant shrubs and trees
As long as the soil is workable, you can plant and transplant trees and shrubs. As soon as the shrubs or trees are in a dormant stage, you can put them in another spot. Or you can buy your new trees and shrubs and start planting them out.
Clean them birdhouses
I have several birdhouses around the garden to attract some bug killers also called birds.
November is a good month to check whether the houses are empty. I clean out the empty ones and make sure they can be used again in spring.
This is also a good time to make some new birdhouses and repair broken ones. The smell of new wood will disappear after a couple of winter months and the birds will be happy to take over the new apartment with sight on the garden.
Put the containers in a safe place
We can have some really nasty freezes in our zone. I like to keep the container plants safe from totally freezing. So, I put most of the containers in the greenhouse or in the grow room.
You can protect the containers by wrapping them in bubble wrap if you don’t have a greenhouse or a protective storage.
I also make sure that the containers that aren’t filled with plants get a safe place. Because of the harsh weather, the pots will deteriorate much faster if you keep them outside. Especially clay pots can break due to waterlogging.
Cover outside winter crops
Make sure the pigeons can’t get into your winter crops. The birds are looking for food now. And food is getting scarce. Pigeons will eat anything they can get their beaks on.
Frost can damage the leaves of winter crops if the wind is too harsh. Cover up the plants at night time to make sure the crops survive the frost and don’t get beaten up by the wind.
Feed the birds
Birds can be a positive and a negative in the garden. But I treat them like living beings and I don’t want them to starve to death in the winter. So, I always make sure they can get to some food and fresh water in the garden.
Buying a big of wild seeds or seeds for tropical birds isn’t all that expensive and the birds will love you for it.
You can even make food ball that you can hang around in the garden for the birds to eat. I will discuss food balls in a future article.
Protect your materials
Protect water taps and hoses from freezing. This could seriously damage your materials.
Also, make sure to clean your equipment and put some grease on to make sure, the equipment is safe for next year’s use.
Electric and fuel engine machines should be thoroughly checked and cleaned before putting everything in the storage for the following season.
Check your vegetable storage and herb storage
Make sure you remove all the soft potatoes.
Check for rotting garlic and onions.
Make sure you check everything in storage for spoilage as this could spoil the whole harvest.
Turn the compost pile
Turn your compost pile one more time. It could be the last time you can turn the pile through the winter.
Make sure the compost is moist enough to decompose. Keeping it moist will surely help decomposition when there’s a hard frost.
Stake long brassicas
Certain collards and kales can use some support against the harsh wind. So use some staking method to keep the plants upright. This will give you more opportunity to easily harvest some leaves in dead winter. It will also protect the plants from falling and rotting away against the soil.
I am sure I haven’t mentioned everything there is to be done in November. But if you think I’m missing out on some things, feel free to contact me or put a comment in the comment section.
So this is it for this article on what to do in the garden in November. I hope you’ve found it interesting. If so, please share on social media, with friends, and other gardeners.
If you want to be notified when I put on new articles or video’s, please subscribe to my newsletter on the right side of this page.
Thanks for reading and see you in the next post.