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Introduction on ginger how to grow it
If you want to know ginger how to grow it, you’re in the right article. I explain as many details as possible in this article to start growing ginger like a pro.
Ginger is widely known as a herb and flavor but not so many people grow it.
It’s as if it’s a mystery herb, not meant to be grown in the backyard. It’s even difficult around here to get ginger root in local nurseries.
Nothing is further from the truth. Ginger can be grown in pots indoors and outdoors. In colder zones, the plants have to go inside in the fall. Because the plant doesn’t withstand frost, you can’t keep the plant outside.
What is ginger?
Zingiber officinale or ginger is a hot spice made from the roots of a plant. It has a real fragrant taste. You can chop it or turn it into a powder to add to the dishes and meals you make.
Well, the ginger as we know it, is in fact, the rhizome of the plant. But I’ll be using the word root for my own ease, in this article on ginger how to grow it.
The plant originally grows in South East Asia. it looks a bit like bamboo. We only use the root of the plant.
It is a herbaceous perennial. The plant grows annual stems about a meter tall bearing narrow green leaves and yellow flowers.
where to grow ginger?
Ginger likes rich and fertile soil. The soil should be well-draining and quite moist until the first shoots come up. Once the shoots have come up, water sparingly.
The plants can be grown in partial to full shade. As ginger originally comes from the rainforest, it’s used to being shaded out by trees.
Growing your plants in pots is really easy. Just make sure you have a nice, wide pot so the rhizomes can grow out and spread.
When to grow ginger in ginger how to grow?
Ginger should be started early in spring indoors. Don’t try to grow ginger outdoors while there’s still a possibility of frost.
It’ll take 10 months for the plant to fully mature. The plant will thrive in a temperature of about 22°C or 71.6°F.
At this very moment I’m growing ginger I started about a month ago. So, instead of starting in spring, I started in fall. I don’t know if it’ll work but I just have to try. That would mean, the plants can be grown year round.
Taking care of ginger
I have no information, nor do I have experience in growing ginger from seed. The roots can be used as cuttings to start new plants. And that’s the only way I tried it.
Once the plant starts to grow, water sparingly but thoroughly. Make the water soak in deep into the soil. Then let it stand like that until the topsoil dries out and do the same again.
Feeding an organic homemade fertilizer is a good step to nice big ginger roots. It’s also possible to amend every month or so, with compost or well-rotted manure.
Take the plant inside when night temperature drops below 10°C or 50°F.
transplanting or planting ginger
In this case, transplanting and planting have the same meaning. As you will always start with a part of the rhizome, you can only plant it.
Put a piece of root in the soil with some buds on top to make sure you get some sprouts popping up after a while.
Plant the root only an inch deep. Ginger roots grow really shallow so there’s no need to put them any deeper.
Use a pot with a big enough diameter so the root has space to spread out.
It’s quite easy to harvest ginger once you know how you have to do it.
In fact, you can start harvesting ginger as soon as after 4 months. Just make sure you just cut off small pieces and let the rest grow out. Ginger will keep on feeding and be making new rhizomes as long as it feels good.
You can wait until the plant starts to die back and pull out all the rhizomes at once. That way, you can choose which parts you keep and which will go back into the soil.
No matter how you go about harvesting, just make sure you don’t hurt the pieces you want to put back in the soil.
Also, let the parts you want to keep as food, to dry out so they don’t rot or get a fungal disease.
When breaking off parts to regrow, try to take pieces with foliage still on. Those will settle a lot faster.
diseases and pests in ginger how to grow it.
Shoot borer or Conogethes punctiferalis
It will make holes in the pseudostem. The central shoot will become yellow and will wither.
You can manage this pest with light at night and yellow sticky traps to catch the moth.
Some professional growers cut op the stems of the plants and remove the larvae manually.
the rhizome fly or Mimegralla coeruliforns
The maggots of this fly will bore into the rhizome thus killing it or at least making it unsuitable to eat. Besides the fact that it makes holes, it can also carry parasites that kill the total plant.
Using the yellow sticky traps it’s possible to catch the flies but once the rhizome is infected you have to treat to make sure other plants don’t get attacked. Neem oil can be used to avoid further contamination.
Soft rot or rhizome rot
Soft rot can be caused by either Pythium aphanidermatum or Pythium
myriotylum or both.
Soft rot is the most destructive disease. it will cause a total loss of affected rhizomes. The plant will start to yellow and it will start wilting. The disease can be spread by every part of the plant and the soil where it grew in.
You must make sure the soil isn’t waterlogged to avoid the disease.
Make use of healthy rhizomes when you start.
Bordeaux mix 1% spray after you get the rhizomes out of the soil can help prevent contamination.
Bacterial wilt or Ralstonia solanacearum
There is no real effective way to treat bacterial wilt yet. And the disease spreads to the soil as soon as the plant dies. So, remove any debris and infected plants as soon as possible.
Always get rid of the plant or hot-compost the plant to make sure the disease is gone. Watch out for this disease, the hot-composting temperature has to be optimal because the disease can withstand hot temperatures.
The plant will wilt. The disease spreads through the plant and will block the possibility to bring water to the leaves.
Leaf spot or Phyllosticta zingiberi
The leaves will show small, round to oval spots from 1 mm to 1 centimeter in length and half the width. It’s mostly seen on younger leaves.
The affected spots have a papery center with dark margins. The papery spots are surrounded by a yellowish halo.(Ramakrishnan, 1942). More and more new leaves will get infected.
The disease can be stopped with a maximum of 2 treatments with Bordeaux mixture.
I haven’t mentioned all the diseases because I haven’t found enough information for mentioning. Some diseases are really only infecting plants in certain continents so I don’t have any personal information I can share. I will amend the article though if I come across diseases explained thoroughly and scientifically.
So this is it for this article on ginger how to grow it, I hope you’ve found it interesting. If so, please share on social media, with friends, and other gardeners.
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Thanks for reading and see you in the next post.