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Introduction on how to grow cilantro at home
Cilantro is used a lot as a herb. But the seeds are more known as coriander.
Many people already grow cilantro in the garden and if you’re a beginner you will be able to grow cilantro at home like a pro after reading this article.
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what is cilantro?
Many people don’t see the difference between parsley and cilantro. But it’s easy to see the difference.
Cilantro has Curly leaves so the C for cilantro is also the C for curly.
Parsley has Pointy leaves so the P for parsley is also the P for pointy.
Never forget what I mentioned above. I found this on a blog a while ago and it’s a really easy way to differentiate between the two.
The Latin name for cilantro is Coriandrum Sativum.
Coriander or cilantro is native to regions spanning from southern Europe and northern Africa to southwestern Asia.
It’s an easy herb to grow and it’s an annual. Don’t pull the plant when it starts flowering. Harvest the seeds when it’s done so you always have seeds for next year. You can, of course, keep the seeds to flavor food as well.
Where to grow cilantro at home?
To know how to grow cilantro at home you have to know where to grow it.
Cilantro loves a ph-value of the soil of 6.5 to 7.5. So it loves neutral to alkaline soil.
The soil should be well-draining. It can be fluffy or quite hard, cilantro doesn’t really have problems with it as long as the soil is draining well.
The plants love sunlight but don’t let the soil heat up too much because this will make the plant bolt and go to seed.
When to grow cilantro at home?
When starting cilantro indoors in spring, you can start 6 weeks before the final frost. You can plant outside after the last frost. That will be the perfect time to grow cilantro. You will find out that in the summertime, you’ll need shade for the plants because they will start to bolt in no time.
At the end of summer is another good time to start cilantro, you can now start it outdoors without worries. Once the temperatures drop, cilantro will be almost mature and will grow on for a long time before starting to bolt.
If you specifically want seeds than you should be growing your cilantro in full sun during the summer months. The plants will start to flower in no time and there will be enough time to let the plants go to seed.
taking care of cilantro.
Taking care of cilantro is part of knowing how to grow cilantro at home.
Let’s start with the seeds. Before sowing, you can put the seeds in a jar with water to let them soak up water like a sponge. After 12 to 24 hours you can dry off the seeds and sow them.
Sow the seeds of cilantro about half an inch deep, that’s about 1 centimeter. Cover with soil and moisten the soil really well. Keep the soil moist on a daily basis. The seedlings will start to pop up after about 7 to 10 days.
In the beginning, it’s better for the seeds to keep the soil moist but after a couple of days, you should let the soil almost dry out before watering again. Once the plants are past their seedling size, they don’t need all that much water.
Okay, the spacing is quite important as well. Depending on the size of plants you want to grow you have to give the plants the right space. The space you want to give to the plants is really your own choice. Just make sure there’s enough airflow between the plants to avoid fungal growth. Bad bugs also love a lot of greenery where they can hide, so using a bit more space will avoid pests.
transplanting or planting cilantro
We already talked about spacing between the plants and this really has to be checked when transplanting or planting out the cilantro plants.
Try not to disturb the roots too much when transplanting the cilantro plants as this can stunt the plant and make it go to flower far too soon. Just gently replant the plants and press the soil around the roots lightly so the roots make contact with the outside soil.
harvesting cilantro is really easy. Just cut off the leaves you need with the stem about 1 to 2 inches or about 3 to 5 centimeters above the soil so the plant can shoot out again. Just like parsley, cilantro will come back after a hard cutting session.
The seeds can be harvested as well if you want coriander. Just let the plants go to seed. Once you see the plant wants to flower, stake it because it will grow quite high and tumble over if you don’t give it any support.
You can store coriander seeds in sealed containers as soon as they are dry. Just cut off the seed heads once the plant starts to turn brown. Put the heads in a paper bag. Hang the bag until the plant dries and the seeds fall off. Then, just put the seeds in a sealed jar and put it somewhere dry and dark.
diseases and pests
Powdery mildew can be caused by a whole bunch of different fungus species but the symptoms are the same. Infected plants display white powdery spots on the leaves and stems.
To flourish, powdery mildew needs dry, windy, and warm weather. The spores are spread by the wind and can infect quite a lot of different plants.
Caused by Pythium, a group of parasitic oomycotes or by Rhizoctonia solani, a fungus.
Seeds will start to rot and fail to germinate. If there is a seedling coming up, it will die before popping up.
This disease can be caused by water or contaminated soil.
Try to use healthy, disease-free seeds and always clean your equipment.
Caused by Erwinia carotovora, Erwinia chrysanthemi or Pseudomonas marginalis.
You will start seeing water-soaked lesions near the base of the plant. They will first become soft and then they will also turn brown.
The disease needs really wet conditions in the soil to start developing.
By using well-draining soil, you can avoid this disease.
Bacterial leaf spot on cilantro
Bacterial leaf spot on is caused by Pseudomonas syringae. The plant will show small watery spots between the leaf veins. They will eventually enlarge and turn dark brown to black. You can sometimes see dark lines along the length of the stem.
Really difficult to treat disease. Try to avoid splashing water on the plants while watering. If growing in pots, try to water from the bottom up. Also, try to avoid working with the plants when they are wet.
Aphids are an endless pest. They keep on coming back and get more resistant to treatment time after time. While sucking out the life of your plants, aphids can spread diseases with their saliva.
You can treat the infestation with a hard spray of water or with a homemade insecticidal soap mixture. In any case, you’ll have to treat several times. Keep an interval of 3 to 5 days for 3 to 4 times to kill off the critters and the eggs.
I know I didn’t write about all the diseases and pests for these plants but when I come across the right pictures, I will amend the post.
So this is it for this article on how to grow cilantro at home. I hope you’ve found it interesting. If so, please share on social media, with friends, and other gardeners.
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Thanks for reading and see you in the next post.